Abandoned or Unclaimed Property
VDA Program

SOS Voluntary Disclosure Agreement Program FAQs

The State’s goal for the SOS VDA Program is to increase the number of annual abandoned or unclaimed property compliance filings, and decrease the number of examinations.

The SOS VDA Program creates an efficient and collaborative settlement process for determining the Holder’s past due unclaimed property bringing the Holder into compliance with the Abandoned or Unclaimed Property Law for prior reporting years.

The SOS VDA Program is designed to reach a final agreement on past due liabilities as quickly as possible from the day Holders enter, and no later than two years after the date of enrollment. After entering and completing the SOS VDA Program, Holders that fulfill its future annual reporting requirements for the three post VDA report periods are protected against an unclaimed property examination for historic liabilities for the property types and entities reviewed as part of the SOS VDA.

The State of Delaware’s Abandoned or Unclaimed Property Law is found in Chapter 11, Title 12 of the Delaware Code.  Under 12 Del. C. §1173, the Secretary of State is permitted to settle abandoned or unclaimed property voluntary disclosure agreements with Holders. Subject to the exceptions noted in 12 Del. C. § 1173(e), the SOS VDA Program is available to any Holder as defined by 12 Del. C. § 1130(9) that has possession, custody or control of abandoned or unclaimed property on its books and records which may be reportable to the State of Delaware.

The following are not eligible to enroll in the SOS VDA Program:

  • Holders that are currently completing a VDA with the Department of Finance, although a Holder that enrolled in the Department of Finance VDA program may transfer into the SOS VDA Program with the consent of the Secretary of State and Secretary of Finance.
  • Holders that received an examination notice from the Department of Finance after July 22, 2015.
  • Holders previously enrolled and who withdrew from the SOS VDA Program.
  • Holders that have been removed from the SOS VDA Program by the Secretary of State for failure to work in good faith to complete the SOS VDA.

Holders have enrolled in the SOS VDA Program for the following reasons, among others:

  • A Holder has never before reported and remitted unclaimed property to the State of Delaware.
  • A Holder with a prior filing history neglected to report certain abandoned or unclaimed property through inadvertence or mistake.
  • A Holder with a prior filing history wishes to come forward to conduct a review of its books and records to determine whether it may have neglected to report certain abandoned or unclaimed property and to avoid an examination.
  • A Holder acquired the abandoned or unclaimed property liability of another entity in a merger or acquisition.
  • A Holder completed a prior VDA and has had a lapse in annual reporting or may have filed incomplete annual reports since the completion of its prior VDA.
  • A Holder has completed a prior abandoned or unclaimed property examination and has had a lapse in annual reporting or may have filed incomplete annual reports since.
  • A Holder is a trust or other entity holding property due to another.

As detailed in 12 Del. C. § 1173, benefits for Holders that enroll in the SOS VDA Program include the following:

  • The SOS VDA program was designed to be a more business friendly and efficient means of coming into compliance with a company’s unclaimed property reporting obligations. Unlike an examination, Holders and the State work together to reach agreement upon a quantification methodology and amount which will be reported by the Holder.
  • The SOS VDA program is faster and less expensive than an examination. Unlike an examination, the Holder manages the SOS VDA Process by conducting a detailed self-review of the entities and property types the Holder determines to be in scope. In addition, all penalties and interest are waived by the Secretary of State for Holders completing the SOS VDA Program in good faith.
  • The SOS VDA program provides certainty for Holders that complete the process. As part of final settlement, the State will release and discharge the Holder from any and all liability related to that property. If another state or person shall make a claim on the property reported in the VDA program, the State will defend the Holder against the claim and indemnify the Holder against any liability on the claim. Unlike most other state VDA programs, for Holder’s that complete the SOS VDA program, the State waives its right to examine the Holder related to the entities, years, and property types included in the SOS VDA. This waiver is effective as long as the Holder fulfills its future annual reporting requirements for the three subsequent reporting cycles after the completion of the SOS VDA.

A Holder enrolls in the SOS VDA Program by executing Form VDA-1 – Notice of Intent to Voluntarily Comply with Abandoned or Unclaimed Property Law (hereinafter referred to as “Form VDA-1”). Form VDA-1 must be signed by an authorized person, entity representative, or officer of the company.

Form VDA-1 may be submitted electronically or by mail to the following:

Secretary of State, State of Delaware
ATTN:  SOS VDA Program
Townsend Building
401 Federal Street, Suite 3
Dover, DE 19901

A copy of the Form VDA-1 can be found on this website on the Steps to VDA page or on the Forms and Guidelines page.

Upon receipt of Form VDA-1, DOS will confirm the applicant’s eligibility to enroll in the SOS VDA Program. Once eligibility is confirmed, the Secretary of State shall indicate acceptance of the Holder into the SOS VDA Program by signing and returning the Form VDA-1 to the Holder. Thereafter, the Holder will be contacted to commence the SOS VDA process.

The “Steps to VDA” section of this website describes a typical work plan for enrolled Holders, and for Holders that choose to convert its audit under 12 Del. C. § 1772(b). There is a heavy expectation that enrolled Holders will work diligently to complete the SOS VDA Program as soon as practicable.

Since this is a VDA and not an examination, it is the Holder’s responsibility to do a self-review and present the conclusions consistent with the process outlined in the “Steps to VDA” tab. In this way, Holders have more control over the VDA process and the ability to present its conclusions to the State, as opposed to an examination where the auditor performs the analysis and assesses a liability based on the auditor’s review.

Following enrollment, the goal is to have the Holder submit its report and materials as soon as practicable. A VDA process plan will be implemented on a company by company basis. Pursuant to Delaware law, the maximum time allotted to complete the SOS VDA Program is 2 years from the date of enrollment.

It is important to understand that all Delaware legal entities are subject to the unclaimed property laws of the State, regardless of whether it conducts business in Delaware. After a dormancy period (typically five years), companies are obligated to report and remit any abandoned or unclaimed property to the state of the last known address of the apparent property Owner. However, if the property is unaddressed or has a foreign address, it should be remitted to the State of Delaware.

This order of priority is based on rules established by the seminal U.S. Supreme Court case, Texas v. New Jersey, 379 U.S. 676 (1965). Therefore, it is likely that most if not all Delaware legal entities would have some unclaimed property due and payable to the State of Delaware, even if that legal entity has no operations, vendors or customers in Delaware.

Pursuant to 12 Del. C. §1173(b), the Secretary of State is authorized to request that any company enter into the SOS VDA Program to determine whether that company has complied with the Abandoned or Unclaimed Property Law.

Under this section, companies have 60 days from the date the request was mailed to enroll in the SOS VDA Program by completing, executing and submitting a Form VDA-1 Disclosure and Notice of Intent to Voluntarily Comply with Abandoned or Unclaimed Property Law to the Secretary of State. Form VDA-1 is available on this website under “Steps to VDA”. If a company does not formally enroll in the SOS VDA Program within 60 days after the request to enter was mailed, then the company will be referred to the State Escheator for examination.

Pursuant to legislation that was enacted effective July 22, 2015, the State of Delaware will no longer initiate new unclaimed property examinations unless a company has first been notified in writing that it may enter into the SOS VDA Program. Any company that received at least one letter from the Secretary of State inviting that company into the SOS VDA Program is immediately eligible to be examined under this new statutory provision. The legislation was drafted specifically to allow the State to immediately examine companies that were directly invited to join the SOS VDA Program and come into compliance voluntarily, but chose not to do so. Prior to an examination letter being mailed, companies may still enroll in the SOS VDA Program by completing and submitting Form VDA-1.

The look-back period is 10 report years (or 15 transaction years as Delaware has a 5 year dormancy period for most property types) from the date the Holder enrolls in the VDA.

The Secretary of State expects every VDA enrollee with Delaware domicile entities to reasonably estimate liabilities for periods and entities where records are not available to determine a Holder’s unclaimed or abandoned property. See SOS VDA Regulations and SOS VDA Program Guidelines for information related to estimation.

When the SOS VDA is presented to the State, each submission will undergo a due diligence/validation process as outlined in the SOS VDA Regulations and SOS VDA Program Guidelines. At this time, the Holder may be asked to provide various supporting documentation such as: trial balances, general ledger detail, bank reconciliations and associated back up, voided and outstanding checklists, accounts receivable aging reports, remediation support and any applicable reporting history.

Pursuant to 12 Del. C. § 1189, financial information obtained during the course of voluntary self-disclosure agreements is confidential.

If a settlement on a property type and/or entity cannot be reached, the property type or entity may be excluded from the final settlement and release agreement. Pursuant to 12 Del. C. § 1173(a)(4), any property types and/or entity excluded may be referred to the State Escheator for examination.

Yes, the State or its designees can communicate directly with the Holder Advocate if permission has been granted by the Holder.

When completing Form VDA-1 Disclosure and Notice of Intent to Voluntarily Comply with Abandoned or Unclaimed Property Law, the Holder has the option of assigning a Holder Advocate who will be assisting the Holder with the SOS VDA. By noting the Holder Advocate on the form, you are providing permission for the Department of State and/or its designees to communicate with the Holder Advocate. If additional Holder Advocates are involved, changed or added, confirmation of such will be required from the Holder in writing (e.g., email confirmation).


Legal Disclaimer: The materials contained herein are intended to provide information in regard to the subject matter covered. The Delaware Department of State is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services. If legal advice or other professional assistance is required, the services of a qualified professional should be sought.

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